Kenneth Janda, Political Parties: A Cross-National Survey (New York: The Free Press, 1980)
PART TWO: Information on Political Parties by Country (pp. 175-176), this is p. 175
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[page 176]
(Text below as published in 1980 citation above)

PART Two consists of 53 sections, one for each of the countries included in the project. The countries are grouped by cultural-geographical region and ordered within regions as listed in the table of contents. A common fourfold format is used to present the information in each section.

1. Essay on Party Politics in the Country during Our Time Period. A brief essay provides some context for interpreting the information on each country. The essay surveys the major political developments in the country from the standpoint of party politics and states the particular time period of concern to the project and the period's division into a "first" and "second" part for the purpose of assessing change in the measurement of party attributes. The essay identifies the parties in each country that qualified for inclusion in our study on the basis of minimum "strength" and "stability" requirements during 1950-1962 (see Chapter 1), relates the fortunes of our original parties, and discloses which other parties (if any) would have qualified for study if the time period had been 1963 to 1978 instead. The essay also outlines the nature of the information base that underlies our scoring of the parties on the variables in the conceptual framework and credits those who indexed the literature for the information base and those who coded the parties.

2. Legislative Seat and Electoral Data. The graph on the opening page of each section plots the legislative representation over time for all parties in a country that met the minimum strength and stability requirements from 1950 to 1978. This includes the "original" parties studied from 1950 to 1962 plus the "new" parties formed after 1962. (For an analysis of the rise and demise of parties over time, see Chapter 15.) More detailed information about the parties that qualified during 1950-1962 is given in the first of the several tables that follow each essay. The upper part of the table reports the basic data on percentage of seats held in the lower house of the legislature for all the parties during our time period. The lower part of the table gives the percentage of votes the parties won in elections over the same period. The data in this table are used in the calculations of four basic variables in the conceptual framework: 1.05, "legislative instability"; 1.06, "electoral instability"; 2.05, "legislative strength"; and 2.06, "electoral strength."

3. Attraction, Concentration, and Reflection Data.

The number of tables used to report the parties' attraction, concentration, and reflection of social groupings for any country depends on the relevance of the cultural differentiators for its society and the availability of data. In the most complete case, there will be tables for party support by (1) occupation; (2) religion; (3) ethnicity, language, or race; (4) region; (5) urban-rural; and (6) education-reported separately for surveys in the first and second parts of the time period. The attraction, concentration, and reflection concepts are discussed in Chapter 5. Reference to the discussion accompanying Table 5.3 will be especially helpful in interpreting these tables.

4. Variables and Comments on Individual Parties.

Instead of simply providing a row-by-column listing of the codes assigned to each party for each variable in the ICPP conceptual framework, we have reported the

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