Social Democratic Party, 122
Partei Deutschlands, SPD
The Social Democratic Party was one of the original parties
in Janda's 1950-1962 ICPP study. The party continued
throughout 1950-1990 in the Harmel-Janda study of party
essay on party politics in West Germany from 1950 to 1962
- After moderating its socialist program in 1959, the
SPD steadily increased its legislative representation
until it was able to form its own coalition government
with the FDP in 1969 under Willy Brandt as chancellor.
The coalition held together through elections in 1972,
through Brandt's resignation is chancellor and the
succession of Helmut Schmidt, and through the close
elections of 1976.
essay on party politics in the united Germany from 1963
to 2000 says:
- SPD, was a re-creation of a former
labor-oriented party of the same name which had been
outlawed by the Hitler regime in 1933. It made a comeback
after WWII, controlling the government from 1969 until
1982 in a coalition with the FDP. In 1982, their
government, under the leadership of Helmut Schmidt,
collapsed and lost the chancellorship in the election of
1983. The SPD did not regain control of government until
the 1998 election.
Consult the index to
variables for annual scores of the party's issue
orientation, organizational complexity, centralization of
power, and coherence from 1950 through 1990.