KINGDOM: Social Democratic Party, 014
The Social Democratic Party appeared too late to qualify as
one of the original parties in Janda's 1950-1962 ICPP study.
It continued to1990 and qualified for the Harmel-Janda study
of party change.
essay on party politics in the United Kingdom from 1963
to 2000 says:
- In 1981 several former Labour ministers formed the
Social Democrats to constitute a "responsible" Left (or
center). They made an agreement with the Liberal Party
for the 1983 elections and combined as the Social
Democratic Alliance, winning 25% of the popular vote but
(due to the first-past-the-post system) less than 5% of
the seats in parliament.) Not surprisingly, the Social
Democrats also advocated reform of the electoral system
from single-member constituency to proportional
representation. The alliance split in 1986 on the issue
of nuclear weapons--the Social Democrats favored
continued reliance upon nuclear weapons, and the Liberals
a more antinuclear stand. The SDP disappeared in 1992
after the two remaining SDP legislators were defeated
(Rasmussen and Moses, 1995: 135).
Consult the index to
variables for annual scores of the party's issue
orientation, organizational complexity, centralization of
power, and coherence from 1950 through 1990.