Path: ICPP > ICPP1980 > Table of Contents > Essay on Party Politics > Party 821

Democratic Party of Guinea, 821
Variables and Codes for 1950-1962
1-- Institutionalization Variables

Year of Origin


Leadership Competition


Name Changes


Legislative Instability


Organizational Discontinuity


Electoral Instability

1.01 year of origin and 1.02 name changes
1947, AC7
0, AC9
Where 1946 is coded, it seems to be explained by the fact that the RDA was formed in 1946, but the Guinean branch, the PDG, was not formed until the following year, 1947. The name has remained unchanged. There is an occasional reference to the RDA instead of the PDG but this is not the recognized name of the party at present.
1.03 organizational discontinuity
8, AC6
All of the literature in the file indicates that there were no splits or mergers. However, Thomas Hodgkins’ book, African Political Parties, contains an appendix which explicitly states that there was one merger in 1958 at which time the Democratic Socialists (DSG) and the Bloc Africain de Guinee (BAG) were merged with the PDG. 
1.04 leadership competition
11, AC5
When the PDG was founded, it was under the leadership of Madeira Keita. In 1952, Sekou Toure became secretary-general of the party and remained its leader throughout our time period. Because there is no information on the process of his succession to leadership, the variable is coded midway between Covert and overt processes.
1.05 legislative instability
Instability is 1.08, AC7
The PDG was unrepresented in the territorial assembly until the 1957 election, when the party won 57 of 60 seats. By 1959, the PDG controlled all the seats in the legislature.
1.06 electoral instability
Instability is .49, AC6
Elections were held in 1951, 1954, 1956, 1957, and 1958. The proportion of votes won by the PDG grew from 14 percent in 1951 to 77 percent in 1957.