Path: ICPP > ICPP1980 > Table of Contents > Essay on Party Politics > Party 671

Soviet Union Communist Party, 671
Variables and Codes for 1950-1962
6-- Goal Orientation Variables
6.00

Open Competition in the Electoral Process

6.01 to 6.05

Direct Tactics of Electoral Competition
6.10

Restricting Party Competition

6.11 to 6.16

Direct Tactics of Restricting Compeition
6.20

Subverting the Political System

6.21 to 6.26

Direct Tactics of Subverting the System

6.31 to 6.32

Propagandizing Ideas and Programs

6.41 to 6.44

Allying with Other Parties

6.51 to 6.55

Providing for Social Welfare

6.00 open competition in the electoral process
0, AC9
One of the most prominent aspects of soviet elections is the absence of any contest. While the 1936 constitution and election statutes provide for multiple nominees, in practice the public organizations generally register only one. Apparently after discussion of a group of nominated candidates, the party negotiates with the public organizations and workers to present a common candidate. Occasionally, however, the situation of multiple nominees for a limited number of vacancies has cropped up. According to one source, lower party organizations have long demanded to choose from a larger number of candidates, and changes in the new rules for 1961 should result in greater flexibility in that direction. The absence of competition results in virtual unanimous endorsement of the official candidates. One source cites that only .01 percent of the candidates in the 1959 local elections did not get a majority vote. Dissent has been registered by casting blank ballots or crossing out names, but only on a minimal level.
6.10 restricting party competition
4, AC9
The CPSU was formally acknowledged as the sole party of USSR in the 1936 constitution, which recognized the party as "the leading core of all organizations of the toilers, both public and state." An article of faith in Communist doctrine has been that in a socialist society there can be no antagonistic classes. Therefore, no possibility of rival parties exists, and even party factions are prohibited.
6.20 subverting the political system
0, AC9
As the only governmental party in existence in the state, the CPSU would not rely on a strategy of subverting the political process to achieve power.
6.30 propagandizing ideas and program
6.31--2, AC9. The party operates a wide network of mass communications media. Perhaps the best known is the party newspaper "Pravda."
6.32--2, AC9. The party has a wide range of offerings for its members from training courses for the rank and file in ideology and methods of propagating party ideas to short- term evening courses for the intellectually oriented in the classic theoretical writers and party history. More elaborate training programs are conducted for those intending careers in the party or state bureaucracy.
6.33--2, AC9. The party regularly passes resolutions generally issued in the name of the Central Committee of the CPSU. Party platforms are formally proclaimed at Party Congresses.
6.34--2, AC9. Position papers are published by the party’s own publishing houses as well as through other establishments.
6.50 providing for welfare of party members
6.51--0, AC3. No evidence was found that the party engages directly in providing any of these welfare services.
6.52--0, AC3. The CPSU itself does not appear to be involved in running employment services. The control of employment falls rather under the aegis of the trade unions.
6.53--2, AC6. In 1958 the Central Committee of the CPSU passed a resolution on considering letters, complaints, and petitions from the working people stressing its supervisory function over the work of local party and state agencies in dealing with complaints. This right of complaint serves to defend the citizen’s infringed right and also is a means of improving the state apparatus.
6.54--0, AC3. Although the party exercises a measure of control over non-party educational establishments to insure ideological orthodoxy, it does not appear to bear direct responsibility for providing soviet citizens with basic education.
6.55--2, AC8. The party supervises recreational activities through youth organizations such as the Komsomol, the Pioneers and the Little Octobrists. Primary party organizations of the trade unions also promote mass cultural and sports activities.