Path: ICPP > ICPP1980 > Table of Contents > Essay on Party Politics > Party 671

Soviet Union Communist Party, 671
Variables and Codes for 1950-1962
2-- Governmental Status Variables
2.01

Government Discrimination

2.04

National Participation

2.02

Governmental Leadership

2.05

Legislative Strength

2.03

Cabinet Participation

2.06

Electoral Strength


2.01 government discrimination
16, AC9
As formalized in the 1936 constitution, the CPSU remains the sole legally recognized source of political activity in the Soviet Union.
2.02 governmental leadership
7 out of 7 for 1950-56, AC9
6 out of 6 for 1957-62, AC9
The CPSU--as the only existing legal party--has been the party of the government leaders of the Soviet Union.
2.03 cabinet participation
7 out of 7 for 1950-56, AC9
6 out of 6 for 1957-62, AC9
Virtually all the key positions on the Council of Ministers, i.e., the positions of first deputy chairman, were held by party members during the period of this study.
2.04 national participation
6, AC9
The CPSU is clearly national, penetrating all sections of the USSR.
2.05 legislative strength
Strength is .83 for 1950-56, AC6, and .77 for 1957- 62, AC6
There is little hard information available about the party composition of the Supreme Soviet, which does not function as a legislative institution in the western sense of the term. During our time period, the proportion of Communists among the deputies to the Supreme Soviet of the Union declined steadily from 86 percent to 75 percent of the approximately 700 members, depending on the session. (Rigby, p. 475.)
2.06 electoral strength
Strength is undefined
Elections for the Supreme Soviet were held in 1950, 1954, 1958, and 1962. Although no parties were allowed to form to contest the candidates of the CPSU, there were occasional non-party candidates, as reflected in the composition of the chamber.
2.07 outside origin
11, AC9
The party had roots in a series of secret organizations some of which were consolidated by Lenin, who was imprisoned in 1895 for his activities. Following his return from exile in 1900, Lenin and others published the paper Iskra in Geneva which was distributed illegally in Russia. Much of the early political activity, forming the basis of the present CPSU, was conducted abroad .