Path: Table of Contents > Essay on Party Politics > List of Variables > Party 382

Uruguayan National Party, 382
Variables and Codes for 1950-1962
7-- Autonomy Variables

Sources of Funds


Relations with Domestic Parties


Sources of Members


Relations with Foreign Organizations


Sources of Leaders

7.01 sources of funds
7, AC5
In general the literature states that the party is supported financially by party dues, income from party enterprises, e.g., newspapers, radio-tv stations and from the national election budget of the Uruguayan government which disburses the money on a proportionate basis to the political parties according to the number of votes the party received in the last national election. However there is no indication that party dues are collected on any systematic basis. Also there is no data concerning the actual proportion of the financial dues from each of the three sources.
7.02 source of members
5, AC5
Although often cited as the party of the farmers, landowners, peasants, businessmen and upper-class conservatives, the Blancos do not rely on any one segment of the population as the main source of its members. Members are drawn from all classes in society as well as from the urban and rural areas of the country--nor is party membership dependent upon association with any other organization there. Also, it appears in the literature that there are no formal membership requirements indicated. By this we mean that any individual may identify himself as a 'Nacional,' although this in itself may not be enough to participate in the 'local clubs' which are the grass roots units of the major political parties--whether participation in the clubs is dependent upon the fulfilling of some membership requirements is not known.
7.03 sources of leaders
5, AC8
The sources of leaders for the party come from the law profession and the ranks of the news-media with some businessmen also involved. Another important source of leaders is the families of politicians who have controlled some of the sub-lemas for almost 50 years. Although many of the leaders do come from the urban areas of the country rural interests have gained some leadership positions in the party.
7.04 relations with domestic parties
6, AC8
The party is not the dominant partner in a pattern of alliances with weaker parties. Rather it is in a pact with the Colorado Party (the other major party in the country) to prevent any of the other minor parties from gaining even partial control of the legislature or the executive branch of the government. In 1951 the Colorado and Nacional party leaders concluded a pact which was designed to pave the way for a constitutional amendment which created the plural executive. (See comment for Blancos, Party 381.)
7.05 relations with foreign organizations
5, AC8
There is no mention in the literature that the party is affiliated with any international organization.