Path: Table of Contents > Essay on Party Politics > List of Variables > Party 382

Uruguayan National Party, 382
Variables and Codes for 1950-1962
5-- Issue Orientation Variables
5.01

Ownership of Means of Production

5.09

Supranational Integration

5.02

Government Role in Economic Planning

5.10

National Integration

5.03

Redistribution of Wealth

5.11

Electoral Participation

5.04

Social Welfare

5.12

Protection of Civil Rights

5.05

Secularization of Society

5.13

Interference with Civil Liberties

5.06

Support of the Military

5.14

State Department Left-Right Rating

5.07

Alignment with East/West Blocs

5.15

Soviet Expert Left-Right Rating

5.08

Anticolonialism


5.01 ownership of means of production
2, AC9
During this 13 year period the party has supported direct public ownership of most of the large industries, means of production and the central bank but certainly not as strongly as the Colorado Party.
5.02 government role in economic planning
3, AC7
The party has sought foreign trade policies that would support the rural interests and larger urban fortunes and has desired to channel recent large-scale economic aid to agriculture to the big estates. Unlike the Colorado Party the Partido Nacional desires economic coordination by the government but in order to help certain sectors of society and not the population in general.
5.03 Redistribution of wealth
1, AC7
The party has generally favored an income tax which they were successful in having passed in the legislature in 1960.
5.04 social welfare
3 for 1st half, AC5
3 for 2nd half, AC5
The party has generally supported the social welfare system which was founded by Jose Batlle at the turn of the century and which has steadily grown since that time to make Uruguay South America's first and only welfare state. But the Blancos have opposed some of the programs for the urban population.
5.05 secularization of society
3, AC7
The party is anti-clerical, but not as strongly so as the Colorado Party. It does support all efforts to legally prevent the church from gaining any political power in the formal sense, but it has not been against Catholics participating in the Christian Democratic Party.
5.06 support of the military
-5, AC9
The party continued to support a weak political position for the armed forces and helped to insure this by voting for legislation that kept allocations to the military at a very low level relative to other developing nations of Latin America. (Following the military intervention of February, 1973, the situation changed substantially, however.
5.07 alignment with east-west blocs
0 for 1st half, AC9
-1 for 2nd half, AC9
In 1952 Herrera's Blanco Party and the radical university students led the attack on the signing of the military assistance pact with the United States. Although the party leaders have at times taken an extreme position against the United States and Britain, they have also vigorously protested against any and all soviet activity in Uruguay. However, after their victory in the 1958 election they have had to temper their hostilities to the United States somewhat.
5.08 anti-colonialism
5, AC9
In the 20th century no foreign country has dominated the decision-making of national leaders. Although it does not urge expropriation of foreign investments without compensation, the party supports only very limited foreign participation in the economy of the nation.
5.09 supranational integration
-1 for 1st half, AC3
1 for 2nd half, AC8
During the first time period there is really no mention in the literature concerning supra-national integration. A score of -1 is inferred from what the leaders did in 1960. In February of 1960 the leaders of the Nacional party signed the treaty of Montevideo which created the Latin American free trade association.
5.10 national integration
5, AC7
Uruguay has been a unitary state since its founding in the year 1830. The party supports the continual integration of all sectors of the nation through the government's vast social welfare system. The party has favored more support for rural areas which were not included in much of the reformist legislation during the period of Colorado control of the government.
5.11 electoral participation
5, AC7
The party continually supports the present electoral laws that allow any male or female--18 years old or older--the right to vote. Only the enlisted members of the armed forces are prevented by law from voting. There are no racial, religious or educational restrictions contained in the laws and none are recommended by the party.
5.12 protection of civil rights
5, AC7
The party had been one of the staunchest supporters of individual rights and together with the Colorado Party leaders prevented any abridgment of rights by the government from occurring during our time period.
5.13 interference with civil liberties
-3, AC7
The party had vigorously defended individual liberties especially during the election campaigns which were known for their honesty and integrity. The only possible blemish on their record was their continual attempt to control illegal communist activity during the late 1950's and early 1960's.
5.14 / 5.15 us--soviet experts left-right ratings
U.S. says 1, center-conservative, with the union Blanca Democratica faction at the center and the Ruralists (Nardone faction) on the conservative side, with the Herreristas in between.
Soviets say 1, the party represents latifundists, the large conciliatory and intermediate bourgeoisie, and financial capital.